The aim of the study was to investigate gender-related differences in spatial knowledge and beliefs about spatial abilities. We also examined whether self-efficacy before performing a task is related to other spatial beliefs in predicting spatial knowledge (measured with different tasks). A sample of 150 participants learned a virtual environment and performed five tasks: landmark, path route, location egocentric, location allocentric, path survey task. Before and after each task, the participants assessed their spatial self-efficacy and gender stereotype. They responded to questionnaires on growth mindset, gender stereotype, and mastery experiences. We found that women scored lower in the landmark task, mastery experiences and growth mindset. No gender-related differences emerged for task-specific self-efficacy and performance (except the landmark task). Finally, spatial self-efficacy interacts with beliefs about spatial abilities for landmark, location-egocentric and locationallocentric tasks. These results shed light on the interplay of beliefs about spatial ability, spatial knowledge and gender-related differences.

Gender-related differences in environment learning: Examining task characteristics and spatial beliefs

Laura Miola
;
Chiara Meneghetti;Francesca Pazzaglia;
2023

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate gender-related differences in spatial knowledge and beliefs about spatial abilities. We also examined whether self-efficacy before performing a task is related to other spatial beliefs in predicting spatial knowledge (measured with different tasks). A sample of 150 participants learned a virtual environment and performed five tasks: landmark, path route, location egocentric, location allocentric, path survey task. Before and after each task, the participants assessed their spatial self-efficacy and gender stereotype. They responded to questionnaires on growth mindset, gender stereotype, and mastery experiences. We found that women scored lower in the landmark task, mastery experiences and growth mindset. No gender-related differences emerged for task-specific self-efficacy and performance (except the landmark task). Finally, spatial self-efficacy interacts with beliefs about spatial abilities for landmark, location-egocentric and locationallocentric tasks. These results shed light on the interplay of beliefs about spatial ability, spatial knowledge and gender-related differences.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3493121
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