Differentiating between ECG patterns related to athletes' heart remodeling and pathological findings is a challenge in sports cardiology. As the significance of fragmented complex in athletes remains uncertain, this study aimed to assess the presence of fragmented QRS in lead V1 (fQRSV1) among young athletes and its association with heart adaptations and arrhythmias. Young athletes referred for annual pre-participation screening receiving a maximal exercise testing and transthoracic echocardiography from January 2015 to March 2021 were included. The study included 684 young athletes. The prevalence of fQRSV1 was 33%. Subjects with fQRSV1 had higher exercise capacity and indexes of right ventricular function and remodeling. Among highly trained athletes, the fQRSV1 group demonstrated also increased left ventricular wall thickness. No significant association existed between fQRSV1 and exercise-induced arrhythmias, even in highly trained athletes. The high prevalence of fQRSV1 in young athletes is associated with training-induced heart adaptations but not exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmias.

The Fragmented QRS Complex in Lead V1: Time for an Update of the Athlete’s ECG?

Vecchiato M.;Quinto G.;Borasio N.;Battista F.;Ermolao A.
;
Neunhaeuserer D.
2023

Abstract

Differentiating between ECG patterns related to athletes' heart remodeling and pathological findings is a challenge in sports cardiology. As the significance of fragmented complex in athletes remains uncertain, this study aimed to assess the presence of fragmented QRS in lead V1 (fQRSV1) among young athletes and its association with heart adaptations and arrhythmias. Young athletes referred for annual pre-participation screening receiving a maximal exercise testing and transthoracic echocardiography from January 2015 to March 2021 were included. The study included 684 young athletes. The prevalence of fQRSV1 was 33%. Subjects with fQRSV1 had higher exercise capacity and indexes of right ventricular function and remodeling. Among highly trained athletes, the fQRSV1 group demonstrated also increased left ventricular wall thickness. No significant association existed between fQRSV1 and exercise-induced arrhythmias, even in highly trained athletes. The high prevalence of fQRSV1 in young athletes is associated with training-induced heart adaptations but not exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmias.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3509315
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