This study evaluated the adequacy of an alternate a.m.-p.m. testing scheme for milk yield in comparison with the official test method based on weighing two milkings within 24 h. A total of 88,558 single test day milking weights from 15,670 Italian Friesian cows in 610 herds in the province of Milano (Italy) were collected between September 1991 and October 1992. Ratios were computed for daily milk yield to a.m. and p.m. milking weights (direct yield ratios) and ratios of a.m. and p.m. milking weights to daily milk yield (inverse yield ratios). Analysis of variance indicated that the milking interval is the most important source of variation for yield ratios. Factors for estimating daily milk yield from single milking weights adjusted for milking intervals were derived through regression analysis of direct and inverse yield ratios on the length of the milking interval. Daily milk yield was estimated more precisely and accurately when adjustment factors were used than when single milking weights were doubled. The doubling of a.m. and p.m. milking weights overestimated and underestimated (5% on average) daily milk yield, respectively. For 305-d lactation yield, accuracies of these methods were comparable. In conclusion, alternate recording of a.m. and p.m. milking weights led to reliable estimates of milk yield. Effects of the alternate a.m.-p.m. testing scheme on estimates of milk components and genetic evaluation of dams of sires should be investigated.

Bias and accuracy of single milking testing schemes to estimate daily and lactation milk yield

CASSANDRO, MARTINO;CARNIER, PAOLO;GALLO, LUIGI;MANTOVANI, ROBERTO;CONTIERO, BARBARA;BITTANTE, GIOVANNI;
1995

Abstract

This study evaluated the adequacy of an alternate a.m.-p.m. testing scheme for milk yield in comparison with the official test method based on weighing two milkings within 24 h. A total of 88,558 single test day milking weights from 15,670 Italian Friesian cows in 610 herds in the province of Milano (Italy) were collected between September 1991 and October 1992. Ratios were computed for daily milk yield to a.m. and p.m. milking weights (direct yield ratios) and ratios of a.m. and p.m. milking weights to daily milk yield (inverse yield ratios). Analysis of variance indicated that the milking interval is the most important source of variation for yield ratios. Factors for estimating daily milk yield from single milking weights adjusted for milking intervals were derived through regression analysis of direct and inverse yield ratios on the length of the milking interval. Daily milk yield was estimated more precisely and accurately when adjustment factors were used than when single milking weights were doubled. The doubling of a.m. and p.m. milking weights overestimated and underestimated (5% on average) daily milk yield, respectively. For 305-d lactation yield, accuracies of these methods were comparable. In conclusion, alternate recording of a.m. and p.m. milking weights led to reliable estimates of milk yield. Effects of the alternate a.m.-p.m. testing scheme on estimates of milk components and genetic evaluation of dams of sires should be investigated.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2433350
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact