OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study in vitro whether phenotypically-distinct interstitial cell clones from bovine aortic valve (BVIC) possess different calcifying potential in response to endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) and phosphate (Pi). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among various clones of BVIC obtained by limited dilution technique we selected 4 clones displaying different growth patterns and immunophenotypes. Uncloned and cloned cells were treated with combinations of LPS (100 ng/mL) and Pi (2.4 mmol/L). Uncloned BVIC showed increased alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) after treatment with LPS, which resulted in calcification after addition of Pi. Among BVIC clones, only Clone 1 (fibroblast-like phenotype) showed a relevant increase in ALP after LPS treatment in parallel with prevention of smooth muscle (SM) alpha-actin accumulation. No effect was observed in clonal cells harboring a more stable SM cell-like profile (Clone 4). None of the isolated clones calcified but mineralization was induced in the presence of LPS plus Pi when Clone 1 was cocultured with Clone 4 or after seeding on type I collagen sponges. CONCLUSIONS: Endotoxin and phosphate can act as valve calcification promoters by targeting specific fibroblast-like interstitial valve cells that possess a unique procalcific potential.

Clones of Interstitial Cells From Bovine Aortic Valve Exhibit Different Calcifying Potential When Exposed to Endotoxin and Phosphate

RATTAZZI, MARCELLO;IOP, LAURA;FAGGIN, ELISABETTA;ZOPPELLARO, GIACOMO;TORREGROSSA, GIANLUCA;FADINI, GIAN PAOLO;AGOSTINI, CARLO;GEROSA, GINO;SARTORE, SAVERIO;PAULETTO, PAOLO
2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study in vitro whether phenotypically-distinct interstitial cell clones from bovine aortic valve (BVIC) possess different calcifying potential in response to endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) and phosphate (Pi). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among various clones of BVIC obtained by limited dilution technique we selected 4 clones displaying different growth patterns and immunophenotypes. Uncloned and cloned cells were treated with combinations of LPS (100 ng/mL) and Pi (2.4 mmol/L). Uncloned BVIC showed increased alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) after treatment with LPS, which resulted in calcification after addition of Pi. Among BVIC clones, only Clone 1 (fibroblast-like phenotype) showed a relevant increase in ALP after LPS treatment in parallel with prevention of smooth muscle (SM) alpha-actin accumulation. No effect was observed in clonal cells harboring a more stable SM cell-like profile (Clone 4). None of the isolated clones calcified but mineralization was induced in the presence of LPS plus Pi when Clone 1 was cocultured with Clone 4 or after seeding on type I collagen sponges. CONCLUSIONS: Endotoxin and phosphate can act as valve calcification promoters by targeting specific fibroblast-like interstitial valve cells that possess a unique procalcific potential.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2447011
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