Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a hypotensive peptide, highly expressed in the mammalian adrenal medulla, which belongs to a peptide superfamily including calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and amylin. Quantitative autoradiography demonstrated the presence of abundant [125I]ADM binding sites in both zona glomerulosa (ZG) and adrenal medulla. ADM binding was selectively displaced by ADM(22–52), a putative ADM-receptor antagonist, and CGRP(8–37), a ligand that preferentially antagonizes the CGRP1-receptor subtype. ADM concentration-dependently inhibited K1-induced aldosterone secretion of dispersed rat ZG cells, without affecting basal hormone production. Both ADM(22–52) and CGRP(8–37) reversed the ADM effect in a concentration-dependent manner. ADM counteracted the aldosterone secretagogue action of the voltage-gated Ca21-channel activator BAYK-8644, and blocked K1- and BAYK-8644-evoked rise in the intracellular Ca21 concentration of dispersed ZG cells. ADM concentration-dependently raised basal catecholamine (epinephrine and norepinephrine) release by rat adrenomedullary fragments, and again the response was blocked by both ADM(22–52) and CGRP(8–37). ADM increased cyclic-AMP release by adrenal-medulla fragments, but not capsule-ZG preparations, and the catecholamine response to ADM was abolished by the PKA inhibitor H-89. Collectively, the present findings allow us to draw the following conclusions: (1) ADM modulates rat adrenal secretion, acting through ADM(22–52)-sensitive CGRP1 receptors, which are coupled with different signaling mechanisms in the cortex and medulla; (2) ADM selectively inhibits agonist-stimulated aldosterone secretion, through a mechanism probably involving the blockade of the Ca21 channel-mediated Ca21 influx; (3) ADM raises catecholamine secretion, through the activation of the adenylate cyclase/PKA signaling pathway.

Distribution, functional role, and signaling mechanism of adrenomedullin receptors in the rat adrenal gland

MAZZOCCHI, GIUSEPPINA;ALBERTIN, GIOVANNA;ANDREIS, GIACOMINA PAOLA;NERI, GIULIANO;NUSDORFER, GASTONE
1999

Abstract

Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a hypotensive peptide, highly expressed in the mammalian adrenal medulla, which belongs to a peptide superfamily including calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and amylin. Quantitative autoradiography demonstrated the presence of abundant [125I]ADM binding sites in both zona glomerulosa (ZG) and adrenal medulla. ADM binding was selectively displaced by ADM(22–52), a putative ADM-receptor antagonist, and CGRP(8–37), a ligand that preferentially antagonizes the CGRP1-receptor subtype. ADM concentration-dependently inhibited K1-induced aldosterone secretion of dispersed rat ZG cells, without affecting basal hormone production. Both ADM(22–52) and CGRP(8–37) reversed the ADM effect in a concentration-dependent manner. ADM counteracted the aldosterone secretagogue action of the voltage-gated Ca21-channel activator BAYK-8644, and blocked K1- and BAYK-8644-evoked rise in the intracellular Ca21 concentration of dispersed ZG cells. ADM concentration-dependently raised basal catecholamine (epinephrine and norepinephrine) release by rat adrenomedullary fragments, and again the response was blocked by both ADM(22–52) and CGRP(8–37). ADM increased cyclic-AMP release by adrenal-medulla fragments, but not capsule-ZG preparations, and the catecholamine response to ADM was abolished by the PKA inhibitor H-89. Collectively, the present findings allow us to draw the following conclusions: (1) ADM modulates rat adrenal secretion, acting through ADM(22–52)-sensitive CGRP1 receptors, which are coupled with different signaling mechanisms in the cortex and medulla; (2) ADM selectively inhibits agonist-stimulated aldosterone secretion, through a mechanism probably involving the blockade of the Ca21 channel-mediated Ca21 influx; (3) ADM raises catecholamine secretion, through the activation of the adenylate cyclase/PKA signaling pathway.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2461758
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