Zona glomerulosa (ZG) cells cultured on plastic within few days dedifferentiate losing their capacity to secrete aldosterone (ALDO) in appreciable amounts. Evidence indicates that extracellular matrix modulates the secretory behavior of adrenocortical cells cultured in vitro. Hence, we compared the morphology and function of rat ZG cells grown on plastic and Matrigel basement membrane matrix (hereinafter Matrigel) for up to 12 days. At day 3, no significant differences were observed between cells cultured on plastic and Matrigel. Starting from day 6, ZG cells cultured on plastic lost their ultrastructural differentiated features (mitochondria with tubular cristae, smooth endoplasmic reticulum cisternae and lipid droplets), exhibiting a fibroblast-like appearance. The mRNA expression of the main steroidogenic enzymes, as evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction, the baseline secretion of ALDO and other post-pregnenolone hormones, as evaluated by high pressure liquid chromatography, and the secretory response to ACTH, angiotensin-II and K(+), as evaluated by radioimmunoassay, displayed a time-dependent decrease. Matrigel was found to maintain unchanged both the ultrastructure and the expresion of steroidogenic enzymes of ZG cells until day 12 of culture. Baseline and agonist-stimulated steroid-hormone secretion decreased with the duration of culture on Matrigel, but was always higher than that of ZG cells grown on plastic. Hence, our study clearly indicates that the culture on Matrigel favors the maintenance of rat ZG-cell differentiated phenotype, allowing the conclusion that this technique is suitable for long-term in vitro investigations.

In vitro culture on Matrigel favors the long-term maintenance of rat zona glomerulosa-cell differentiated phenotype

PETRELLI, LUCIA;GUIDOLIN, DIEGO;TORTORELLA, CINZIA;NERI, GIULIANO;ALBERTIN, GIOVANNA;
2006

Abstract

Zona glomerulosa (ZG) cells cultured on plastic within few days dedifferentiate losing their capacity to secrete aldosterone (ALDO) in appreciable amounts. Evidence indicates that extracellular matrix modulates the secretory behavior of adrenocortical cells cultured in vitro. Hence, we compared the morphology and function of rat ZG cells grown on plastic and Matrigel basement membrane matrix (hereinafter Matrigel) for up to 12 days. At day 3, no significant differences were observed between cells cultured on plastic and Matrigel. Starting from day 6, ZG cells cultured on plastic lost their ultrastructural differentiated features (mitochondria with tubular cristae, smooth endoplasmic reticulum cisternae and lipid droplets), exhibiting a fibroblast-like appearance. The mRNA expression of the main steroidogenic enzymes, as evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction, the baseline secretion of ALDO and other post-pregnenolone hormones, as evaluated by high pressure liquid chromatography, and the secretory response to ACTH, angiotensin-II and K(+), as evaluated by radioimmunoassay, displayed a time-dependent decrease. Matrigel was found to maintain unchanged both the ultrastructure and the expresion of steroidogenic enzymes of ZG cells until day 12 of culture. Baseline and agonist-stimulated steroid-hormone secretion decreased with the duration of culture on Matrigel, but was always higher than that of ZG cells grown on plastic. Hence, our study clearly indicates that the culture on Matrigel favors the maintenance of rat ZG-cell differentiated phenotype, allowing the conclusion that this technique is suitable for long-term in vitro investigations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2474969
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