Mutations in COQ8B cause steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome with variable neurological involvement. In yeast, COQ8 encodes a protein required for coenzyme Q (CoQ) biosynthesis, whosepreciseroleisnotclear.Humansharbortwoparaloggenes:COQ8AandCOQ8B(previously termed ADCK3 and ADCK4). We have found that COQ8B is a mitochondrial matrix protein peripherallyassociatedwiththeinnermembrane.COQ8BcancomplementaΔCOQ8yeaststrain when its mitochondrial targeting sequence (MTS) is replaced by a yeast MTS. This model was employed to validate COQ8B mutations, and to establish genotype–phenotype correlations. All mutations affected respiratory growth, but there was no correlation between mutation type and the severity of the phenotype. In fact, contrary to the case of COQ2, where residual CoQ biosynthesis correlates with clinical severity, patients harboring hypomorphic COQ8B alleles did not display a different phenotype compared with those with null mutations. These data also suggest that the system is redundant, and that other proteins (probably COQ8A) may partially compensate for the absence of COQ8B. Finally, a COQ8B polymorphism, present in 50% of the European population (NM_024876.3:c.521A > G, p.His174Arg), affects stability of the protein andcouldrepresentariskfactorforsecondaryCoQdeficienciesorforothercomplextraits.

Mutations in COQ8B (ADCK4) found in patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome alter COQ8B function

Doimo, Mara;Calderan, Cristina;Desbats, Maria Andrea;Cerqua, Cristina;Cassina, Matteo;Sartori, Geppo;Trevisson, Eva;Salviati, Leonardo
2018

Abstract

Mutations in COQ8B cause steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome with variable neurological involvement. In yeast, COQ8 encodes a protein required for coenzyme Q (CoQ) biosynthesis, whosepreciseroleisnotclear.Humansharbortwoparaloggenes:COQ8AandCOQ8B(previously termed ADCK3 and ADCK4). We have found that COQ8B is a mitochondrial matrix protein peripherallyassociatedwiththeinnermembrane.COQ8BcancomplementaΔCOQ8yeaststrain when its mitochondrial targeting sequence (MTS) is replaced by a yeast MTS. This model was employed to validate COQ8B mutations, and to establish genotype–phenotype correlations. All mutations affected respiratory growth, but there was no correlation between mutation type and the severity of the phenotype. In fact, contrary to the case of COQ2, where residual CoQ biosynthesis correlates with clinical severity, patients harboring hypomorphic COQ8B alleles did not display a different phenotype compared with those with null mutations. These data also suggest that the system is redundant, and that other proteins (probably COQ8A) may partially compensate for the absence of COQ8B. Finally, a COQ8B polymorphism, present in 50% of the European population (NM_024876.3:c.521A > G, p.His174Arg), affects stability of the protein andcouldrepresentariskfactorforsecondaryCoQdeficienciesorforothercomplextraits.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3258092
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