To evaluate the impact of emerging myopathies on meat quality and microbial shelf life, 48 normal, 48 white striped (WS), and 48 wooden breasts (WB) were stored for 11 d at 4◦C aerobically and analyzed at 24, 72, 120, 168, 216, and 264 h post-mortem. Normal breasts showed lower (P < 0.001) redness index (−0.88 vs. −0.41 and −0.43) and cooking losses (22.0 vs. 23.8 vs. 26.9%) than those of WS and WB meat. Normal and WS breasts exhibited higher protein content than that in WB meat (23.9 and 23.2 vs. 21.4%; P < 0.001). Normal meat also had a lower ether extract content than that in WB meat (1.09 vs. 1.88%; P < 0.001), with intermediate values for WS meat. Normal breasts exhibited higher saturated fatty acid (FA) rate (31.3 vs. 28.0% of total FA on average) and lower unsaturated FA rate (68.7 vs. 72.0%) than those in WS and WB meat (P < 0.001). Differences were mainly due to polyunsaturated FA (30.5% in normal vs. 35.3 and 35.4% in WS and WB meat; P < 0.001). Normal breasts had higher initial total viable count (TVC) and a shorter TVC lag phase than those of WS and WB meat (46.3 vs. 85.2 and 77.8 h). The microbial shelf life threshold (7 log10 CFU TVC/g) was achieved first in normal (130 h) and then in WS (149 h) and WB (192 h) meat. TVC and Pseudomonas spp. counts were significantly higher in normal than those in the affected breasts between 72 and 216 h of storage. Enterobacteriaceae spp. and lactic acid bacteria counts were significantly higher in normal meat, lower in WB meat, and intermediate in WS meat until 216 h. All differences in microbial targets across meat types disappeared by 264 h of storage. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the factors and the mechanisms that may modulate microbial growth and composition during storage in broiler breast meat affected by myopathies.

Effect of breast myopathies on quality and microbial shelf life of broiler meat

Gratta F.;Fasolato L.;Birolo M.;Zomeño C.;Novelli E.;Petracci M.;Pascual A.;Xiccato G.;Trocino A.
2019

Abstract

To evaluate the impact of emerging myopathies on meat quality and microbial shelf life, 48 normal, 48 white striped (WS), and 48 wooden breasts (WB) were stored for 11 d at 4◦C aerobically and analyzed at 24, 72, 120, 168, 216, and 264 h post-mortem. Normal breasts showed lower (P < 0.001) redness index (−0.88 vs. −0.41 and −0.43) and cooking losses (22.0 vs. 23.8 vs. 26.9%) than those of WS and WB meat. Normal and WS breasts exhibited higher protein content than that in WB meat (23.9 and 23.2 vs. 21.4%; P < 0.001). Normal meat also had a lower ether extract content than that in WB meat (1.09 vs. 1.88%; P < 0.001), with intermediate values for WS meat. Normal breasts exhibited higher saturated fatty acid (FA) rate (31.3 vs. 28.0% of total FA on average) and lower unsaturated FA rate (68.7 vs. 72.0%) than those in WS and WB meat (P < 0.001). Differences were mainly due to polyunsaturated FA (30.5% in normal vs. 35.3 and 35.4% in WS and WB meat; P < 0.001). Normal breasts had higher initial total viable count (TVC) and a shorter TVC lag phase than those of WS and WB meat (46.3 vs. 85.2 and 77.8 h). The microbial shelf life threshold (7 log10 CFU TVC/g) was achieved first in normal (130 h) and then in WS (149 h) and WB (192 h) meat. TVC and Pseudomonas spp. counts were significantly higher in normal than those in the affected breasts between 72 and 216 h of storage. Enterobacteriaceae spp. and lactic acid bacteria counts were significantly higher in normal meat, lower in WB meat, and intermediate in WS meat until 216 h. All differences in microbial targets across meat types disappeared by 264 h of storage. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the factors and the mechanisms that may modulate microbial growth and composition during storage in broiler breast meat affected by myopathies.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3288524
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