Bacterial infections represent life-threatening complications in patients with febrile neutropenia (FN). Diagnostic biomarkers of infections may help to differentiate bacteraemia from non-bacteraemia FN. We aimed to evaluate the utility of procalcitonin (PCT), presepsin (PS), C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) as biomarkers of bacteraemia in adult FN patients with haematological malignancies. Concentrations of PCT, PS, CRP and IL-8 were prospectively measured in 36 FN episodes experienced by 28 oncohaematological patients. 11 out of 36 episodes were classified as bacteraemia. PCT was the best biomarker to predict bacteraemia with the area under the curve (AUC) ROC of 0,9; specificity 100% and positive predictive value 100%, while the most sensitive was IL-8 (90,9%) with AUC ROC of 0,88 and negative predictive value 95,2%. All patients with PCT concentrations above 1,6 μg/l had bacteraemia. Patients with IL-8 concentrations superior to 170 pg/ml had a 40 times higher risk for bacteraemia than the ones with lower levels. Patients with PS concentrations superior to 410 pg/ml had 24 times higher risk for bacteraemia than the patients with lower levels. PCT has higher accuracy than CRP, IL-8 and PS in predicting bacteraemia in adult hematologic patients with FN.

Comparison of presepsin, procalcitonin, interleukin-8 and C-reactive protein in predicting bacteraemia in febrile neutropenic adult patients with haematological malignancies

Kostic I.;Gurrieri C.;Semenzato G.;Plebani M.;Caputo I.;Vianello F.
2019

Abstract

Bacterial infections represent life-threatening complications in patients with febrile neutropenia (FN). Diagnostic biomarkers of infections may help to differentiate bacteraemia from non-bacteraemia FN. We aimed to evaluate the utility of procalcitonin (PCT), presepsin (PS), C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) as biomarkers of bacteraemia in adult FN patients with haematological malignancies. Concentrations of PCT, PS, CRP and IL-8 were prospectively measured in 36 FN episodes experienced by 28 oncohaematological patients. 11 out of 36 episodes were classified as bacteraemia. PCT was the best biomarker to predict bacteraemia with the area under the curve (AUC) ROC of 0,9; specificity 100% and positive predictive value 100%, while the most sensitive was IL-8 (90,9%) with AUC ROC of 0,88 and negative predictive value 95,2%. All patients with PCT concentrations above 1,6 μg/l had bacteraemia. Patients with IL-8 concentrations superior to 170 pg/ml had a 40 times higher risk for bacteraemia than the ones with lower levels. Patients with PS concentrations superior to 410 pg/ml had 24 times higher risk for bacteraemia than the patients with lower levels. PCT has higher accuracy than CRP, IL-8 and PS in predicting bacteraemia in adult hematologic patients with FN.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3309781
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