GPRC6A is acknowledged as a major regulator of energy metabolism and male fertility through the action of undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOCN), representing a possible therapeutic target. We recently showed that the sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) binds to GPRC6A through the likely involvement of the 141-161 domain. To confirm this model, here we investigated the possible binding and agonist activity of SHBG(141-161) domain-peptide (SHBG141-161) on GPRC6A. The binding of SHBG141-161 to GPRC6A and downstream dissociation from Gαi(GDP) protein was computationally modelled. SHBG141-161 was obtained by solid-phase synthesis, characterized by circular dichroism (CD) and the receptor binding was assessed by displacement of ucOCN on HEK-293 cells transfected with GPRC6A gene. Agonist activity of SHBG141-161 was assessed on Leydig MA-10 and Langerhans -TC6 cell lines through the GPRC6A-mediated release of testosterone (T) and insulin. SHBG141-161 was predicted to bind to GPRC6A and to reduce the affinity for Gαi(GDP) at computational level. Conformational properties and binding to GPRC6A of the synthetic SHBG141-161 were confirmed by CD and displacement experiments. SHBG141-161 stimulated cell secretion of T and insulin, with dose dependency from 10-13 to 10-11M for T release (respectively P=0,041 10-13M; P = 0,032 10-12M; P = 0,008 10-11M vs basal) and for 10-12 to 10-10M for insulin (respectively P=0,041 10-12M; P=0,007 10-11M; P=0,047 10-10M; P=0,045 vs basal). Blockade with anti GPRC6A IgG abolished the response to SHBG141-161, suggesting agonist specificity. SHBG141-161 showed stimulating activity on GPRC6A, representing a template peptide with possible therapeutic use for metabolic and endocrine disorders

SHBG(141-161) Domain-Peptide Stimulates GPRC6A-Mediated Response in Leydig and β-Langerhans cell lines

Luca De Toni;Diego Guidolin;Vincenzo De Filippis;Daniele Peterle;Maria Santa Rocca;Andrea Di Nisio;Maurizio De Rocco Ponce;Carlo Foresta
2019

Abstract

GPRC6A is acknowledged as a major regulator of energy metabolism and male fertility through the action of undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOCN), representing a possible therapeutic target. We recently showed that the sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) binds to GPRC6A through the likely involvement of the 141-161 domain. To confirm this model, here we investigated the possible binding and agonist activity of SHBG(141-161) domain-peptide (SHBG141-161) on GPRC6A. The binding of SHBG141-161 to GPRC6A and downstream dissociation from Gαi(GDP) protein was computationally modelled. SHBG141-161 was obtained by solid-phase synthesis, characterized by circular dichroism (CD) and the receptor binding was assessed by displacement of ucOCN on HEK-293 cells transfected with GPRC6A gene. Agonist activity of SHBG141-161 was assessed on Leydig MA-10 and Langerhans -TC6 cell lines through the GPRC6A-mediated release of testosterone (T) and insulin. SHBG141-161 was predicted to bind to GPRC6A and to reduce the affinity for Gαi(GDP) at computational level. Conformational properties and binding to GPRC6A of the synthetic SHBG141-161 were confirmed by CD and displacement experiments. SHBG141-161 stimulated cell secretion of T and insulin, with dose dependency from 10-13 to 10-11M for T release (respectively P=0,041 10-13M; P = 0,032 10-12M; P = 0,008 10-11M vs basal) and for 10-12 to 10-10M for insulin (respectively P=0,041 10-12M; P=0,007 10-11M; P=0,047 10-10M; P=0,045 vs basal). Blockade with anti GPRC6A IgG abolished the response to SHBG141-161, suggesting agonist specificity. SHBG141-161 showed stimulating activity on GPRC6A, representing a template peptide with possible therapeutic use for metabolic and endocrine disorders
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3311070
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