Casein kinase 2 (CK2) is a tetrameric protein kinase composed of 2 catalytic (α and α') and 2 regulatory β subunits. Our study provides the first molecular and cellular characterization of the different CK2 subunits, highlighting their individual roles in skeletal muscle specification and differentiation. Analysis of C2C12 cell knockout for each CK2 subunit reveals that: 1) CK2β is mandatory for the expression of the muscle master regulator myogenic differentiation 1 in proliferating myoblasts, thus controlling both myogenic commitment and subsequent muscle-specific gene expression and myotube formation; 2) CK2α is involved in the activation of the muscle-specific gene program; and 3) CK2α' activity regulates myoblast fusion by mediating plasma membrane translocation of fusogenic proteins essential for membrane coalescence, like myomixer. Accordingly, CK2α' overexpression in C2C12 cells and in mouse regenerating muscle is sufficient to increase myofiber size and myonuclei content via enhanced satellite cell fusion. Consistent with these results, pharmacological inhibition of CK2 activity substantially blocks the expression of myogenic markers and muscle cell fusion both in vitro in C2C12 and primary myoblasts and in vivo in mouse regenerating muscle and zebrafish development. Overall, our work describes the specific and coordinated functions of CK2 subunits in orchestrating muscle differentiation and fusogenic activity, highlighting CK2 relevance in the physiopathology of skeletal muscle tissue.-Salizzato, V., Zanin, S., Borgo, C., Lidron, E., Salvi, M., Rizzuto, R., Pallafacchina, G., Donella-Deana, A. Protein kinase CK2 subunits exert specific and coordinated functions in skeletal muscle differentiation and fusogenic activity.

Protein kinase CK2 subunits exert specific and coordinated functions in skeletal muscle differentiation and fusogenic activity

Salizzato V.;Zanin S.;Borgo C.;Salvi M.;Rizzuto R.;Pallafacchina G.
;
Donella-Deana A.
2019

Abstract

Casein kinase 2 (CK2) is a tetrameric protein kinase composed of 2 catalytic (α and α') and 2 regulatory β subunits. Our study provides the first molecular and cellular characterization of the different CK2 subunits, highlighting their individual roles in skeletal muscle specification and differentiation. Analysis of C2C12 cell knockout for each CK2 subunit reveals that: 1) CK2β is mandatory for the expression of the muscle master regulator myogenic differentiation 1 in proliferating myoblasts, thus controlling both myogenic commitment and subsequent muscle-specific gene expression and myotube formation; 2) CK2α is involved in the activation of the muscle-specific gene program; and 3) CK2α' activity regulates myoblast fusion by mediating plasma membrane translocation of fusogenic proteins essential for membrane coalescence, like myomixer. Accordingly, CK2α' overexpression in C2C12 cells and in mouse regenerating muscle is sufficient to increase myofiber size and myonuclei content via enhanced satellite cell fusion. Consistent with these results, pharmacological inhibition of CK2 activity substantially blocks the expression of myogenic markers and muscle cell fusion both in vitro in C2C12 and primary myoblasts and in vivo in mouse regenerating muscle and zebrafish development. Overall, our work describes the specific and coordinated functions of CK2 subunits in orchestrating muscle differentiation and fusogenic activity, highlighting CK2 relevance in the physiopathology of skeletal muscle tissue.-Salizzato, V., Zanin, S., Borgo, C., Lidron, E., Salvi, M., Rizzuto, R., Pallafacchina, G., Donella-Deana, A. Protein kinase CK2 subunits exert specific and coordinated functions in skeletal muscle differentiation and fusogenic activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3314052
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