In this work, we studied the genomes and characterized some probiotic features of four S. macedonicus strains isolated from dairy environments in Italy that already had indicated some technological potential. The genomes of these strains were sequenced and used for genomic in silico studies. All strains were also evaluated for hemolytic activity, susceptibility to most commonly used antibiotics and probiotic potential, such as resistance to simulated gastrointestinal conditions, bile salts hydrolytic activity and adhesion ability to HT-29 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. Results revealed that one strain, namely S. macedonicus 211MA, was found to possess probiotic properties, such as resistance to simulated gastrointestinal conditions as well as adherence capability to human epithelial cells. In silico analyses revealed that S. macedonicus 211MA displayed the least number of single copy genes, genomic islands regions and gene content classified as virulence factors when compared to other S. macedonicus and S. gallolyticus strains. Moreover, the maximum gene content associated with bacterial stress response category and the presence of the opuCABCD operon, not detected in the other strains, were correlated with S. macedonicus 211MA capability to resist to low pH and to show higher adhesion to HT-29 human cells. This is the first report on the presence of opuCABCD operon in S. macedonicus and its possible relation with attachment ability and stress response. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Genomic and phenotypic assessments of safety and probiotic properties of Streptococcus macedonicus strains of dairy origin

Tarrah, Armin;da Silva Duarte, Vinícius;Pakroo, Shadi;Corich, Viviana
;
Giacomini, Alessio
Supervision
2020

Abstract

In this work, we studied the genomes and characterized some probiotic features of four S. macedonicus strains isolated from dairy environments in Italy that already had indicated some technological potential. The genomes of these strains were sequenced and used for genomic in silico studies. All strains were also evaluated for hemolytic activity, susceptibility to most commonly used antibiotics and probiotic potential, such as resistance to simulated gastrointestinal conditions, bile salts hydrolytic activity and adhesion ability to HT-29 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. Results revealed that one strain, namely S. macedonicus 211MA, was found to possess probiotic properties, such as resistance to simulated gastrointestinal conditions as well as adherence capability to human epithelial cells. In silico analyses revealed that S. macedonicus 211MA displayed the least number of single copy genes, genomic islands regions and gene content classified as virulence factors when compared to other S. macedonicus and S. gallolyticus strains. Moreover, the maximum gene content associated with bacterial stress response category and the presence of the opuCABCD operon, not detected in the other strains, were correlated with S. macedonicus 211MA capability to resist to low pH and to show higher adhesion to HT-29 human cells. This is the first report on the presence of opuCABCD operon in S. macedonicus and its possible relation with attachment ability and stress response. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3318663
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact