Background: POEM has recently had a widespread diffusion, aiming at being the treatment of choice for esophageal achalasia. The results of ongoing RCTs against laparoscopic myotomy are not available, yet. We, therefore, designed this propensity score (PS) case-control study with the aim of evaluating how POEM compares to the long-standing laparoscopic Heller myotomy + Dor fundoplication (LHD) and verifying if it may really replace the latter as the first-line treatment for achalasia. Methods: Two groups of consecutive patients undergoing treatment for primary achalasia from January 2014 to November 2017 were recruited in two high-volume centers, one with extensive experience with POEM and one with LHD. Patients with previous endoscopic treatment were included, whereas patients with previous LHD or POEM were excluded. A total of 140 patients in both centers were thus matched. LHD and POEM were performed following established techniques. The patients were followed with clinical (Eckardt score), endoscopic, and pH-manometry evaluations. Results: The procedure was successfully completed in all the patients. POEM required a shorter operation time and postoperative stay compared to LHD (p < 0.001). No mortality was recorded in either group. Seven complications were recorded in the POEM group (five mucosal perforations) and 3 in the LHD group (3 mucosal perforations)(p = 0.33). Two patients in the POEM group and one in the LHD were lost to follow-up. One patient in both groups died during the follow-up for unrelated causes. At a median follow-up of 24 months [15–30] for POEM and 31 months [15–41] for LHD (p < 0.05), 99.3% of the POEM patients and 97.7% of the LHD patients showed an Eckardt score ≤ 3 (p < 0.12). Four years after the treatment, the probability to have symptoms adequately controlled was > 90% for both groups (p = 0.2, Log-rank test). HR-Manometry showed a similar reduction in the LES pressure and 4sIRP; 24-h pH-monitoring showed however an abnormal exposure to acid in 38.4% of POEM patients, as compared to 17.1% of LHD patients (p < 0.01) and esophagitis was found in 37.4% of the POEM and 15.2% of LHD patients (p < 0.05). Conclusion: POEM provides the same midterm results as LHD. This study confirms, however, a higher incidence of postoperative GERD with the former, even if its real significance needs to be further evaluated. © 2019, The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract.

Poem Versus Laparoscopic Heller Myotomy in the Treatment of Esophageal Achalasia: A Case-Control Study from Two High Volume Centers Using the Propensity Score

Costantini A.;Costantini M.
;
Salvador R.;Valmasoni M.;Briscolini D.;Merigliano S.;
2020

Abstract

Background: POEM has recently had a widespread diffusion, aiming at being the treatment of choice for esophageal achalasia. The results of ongoing RCTs against laparoscopic myotomy are not available, yet. We, therefore, designed this propensity score (PS) case-control study with the aim of evaluating how POEM compares to the long-standing laparoscopic Heller myotomy + Dor fundoplication (LHD) and verifying if it may really replace the latter as the first-line treatment for achalasia. Methods: Two groups of consecutive patients undergoing treatment for primary achalasia from January 2014 to November 2017 were recruited in two high-volume centers, one with extensive experience with POEM and one with LHD. Patients with previous endoscopic treatment were included, whereas patients with previous LHD or POEM were excluded. A total of 140 patients in both centers were thus matched. LHD and POEM were performed following established techniques. The patients were followed with clinical (Eckardt score), endoscopic, and pH-manometry evaluations. Results: The procedure was successfully completed in all the patients. POEM required a shorter operation time and postoperative stay compared to LHD (p < 0.001). No mortality was recorded in either group. Seven complications were recorded in the POEM group (five mucosal perforations) and 3 in the LHD group (3 mucosal perforations)(p = 0.33). Two patients in the POEM group and one in the LHD were lost to follow-up. One patient in both groups died during the follow-up for unrelated causes. At a median follow-up of 24 months [15–30] for POEM and 31 months [15–41] for LHD (p < 0.05), 99.3% of the POEM patients and 97.7% of the LHD patients showed an Eckardt score ≤ 3 (p < 0.12). Four years after the treatment, the probability to have symptoms adequately controlled was > 90% for both groups (p = 0.2, Log-rank test). HR-Manometry showed a similar reduction in the LES pressure and 4sIRP; 24-h pH-monitoring showed however an abnormal exposure to acid in 38.4% of POEM patients, as compared to 17.1% of LHD patients (p < 0.01) and esophagitis was found in 37.4% of the POEM and 15.2% of LHD patients (p < 0.05). Conclusion: POEM provides the same midterm results as LHD. This study confirms, however, a higher incidence of postoperative GERD with the former, even if its real significance needs to be further evaluated. © 2019, The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3320724
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