In this paper, we propose a novel human-robot interface capable to anticipate the user intention while performing reaching movements on a working bench in order to plan the action of a collaborative robot. The system integrates two levels of prediction: motion intention prediction, to detect movements onset and offset; motion direction prediction, based on Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) trained with IMU and EMG data following an evidence accumulation approach. Novel dynamic stopping criteria have been proposed to flexibly adjust the trade-off between early anticipation and accuracy. Results show that our system outperforms previous methods, achieving a real-time classification accuracy of 94.3±2.9% after 160.0msec±80.0msec from movement onset. The proposed interface can find many applications in the Industry 4.0 framework, where it is crucial for autonomous and collaborative robots to understand human movements as soon as possible to avoid accidents and injuries.

Fast human motion prediction for human-robot collaboration with wearable interface

Stefano Tortora
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Stefano Michieletto
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Francesca Stival
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Emanuele Menegatti
Supervision
2019

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel human-robot interface capable to anticipate the user intention while performing reaching movements on a working bench in order to plan the action of a collaborative robot. The system integrates two levels of prediction: motion intention prediction, to detect movements onset and offset; motion direction prediction, based on Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) trained with IMU and EMG data following an evidence accumulation approach. Novel dynamic stopping criteria have been proposed to flexibly adjust the trade-off between early anticipation and accuracy. Results show that our system outperforms previous methods, achieving a real-time classification accuracy of 94.3±2.9% after 160.0msec±80.0msec from movement onset. The proposed interface can find many applications in the Industry 4.0 framework, where it is crucial for autonomous and collaborative robots to understand human movements as soon as possible to avoid accidents and injuries.
2019 IEEE International Conference on Cybernetics and Intelligent Systems (CIS) and IEEE Conference on Robotics, Automation and Mechatronics (RAM)
978-1-7281-3458-1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3342646
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