Non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) is characterized by a vast genetic heterogeneity; some syndromic forms as Usher syndrome (USH) have onset as isolated deafness and then evolve later in life. We developed an NGS targeted gene-panel containing 59 genes and a customized bioinformatic pipeline for the analysis of DNA samples from clinically highly selected subjects with sensorineural hearing loss, previously resulted negative for GJB2 mutations/GJB6 deletions. Among the 217 tested subjects, 24 (11.1%) were found to carry mutations in genes involved both in NSHL and USH. For 6 out of 24 patients a diagnosis of USH was performed. Eleven subjects out of 24 had hearing loss without vestibular or ocular dysfunction and, due to their young age, it was not possible to establish whether their phenotype could be NSHL or USH. Seven subjects were diagnosed with NSHL, due to their age and phenotype. A total of 41 likely pathogenic/pathogenic mutations were identified, among which 17 novel ones. We report a high frequency of mutations in genes involved both in NSHL and in USH in a cohort of individuals tested for seemingly isolated deafness. Our data also highlight a wider than expected phenotypic variability in the USH phenotype.

Frequency of Usher gene mutations in non-syndromic hearing loss: higher variability of the Usher phenotype

Cesca F.;Bettella E.;Polli R.;Leonardi E.;Aspromonte M. C.;Cama E.;Scimemi P.;Santarelli R.;Murgia A.
2020

Abstract

Non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) is characterized by a vast genetic heterogeneity; some syndromic forms as Usher syndrome (USH) have onset as isolated deafness and then evolve later in life. We developed an NGS targeted gene-panel containing 59 genes and a customized bioinformatic pipeline for the analysis of DNA samples from clinically highly selected subjects with sensorineural hearing loss, previously resulted negative for GJB2 mutations/GJB6 deletions. Among the 217 tested subjects, 24 (11.1%) were found to carry mutations in genes involved both in NSHL and USH. For 6 out of 24 patients a diagnosis of USH was performed. Eleven subjects out of 24 had hearing loss without vestibular or ocular dysfunction and, due to their young age, it was not possible to establish whether their phenotype could be NSHL or USH. Seven subjects were diagnosed with NSHL, due to their age and phenotype. A total of 41 likely pathogenic/pathogenic mutations were identified, among which 17 novel ones. We report a high frequency of mutations in genes involved both in NSHL and in USH in a cohort of individuals tested for seemingly isolated deafness. Our data also highlight a wider than expected phenotypic variability in the USH phenotype.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3342974
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