Diabetes is burdened with the development of several end-organ complications leading to excess mortality. Though the causes of such organ damage are far from being clarified, diabetes has been redefined as a disease of impaired damage control, wherein ongoing damage is not adequately compensated by activation of repair processes. Bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) and their descendants endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been extensively studied as major players in tissue homeostasis as well as biomarkers of diabetic complication risk. Thus, strategies to raise the levels of circulating HSPCs/EPCs have attracted interest for their potential to modify the future risk of complications. We herein discuss state-of-the-art of the effects exerted by diabetes pharmacotherapy on such cell populations. Further, we highlight which outstanding questions remain to be addressed for a more comprehensive understanding of this topic.

Diabetes pharmacotherapy and circulating stem/progenitor cells. State of the art and evidence gaps

Albiero M.;Bonora B. M.;Fadini G. P.
2020

Abstract

Diabetes is burdened with the development of several end-organ complications leading to excess mortality. Though the causes of such organ damage are far from being clarified, diabetes has been redefined as a disease of impaired damage control, wherein ongoing damage is not adequately compensated by activation of repair processes. Bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) and their descendants endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been extensively studied as major players in tissue homeostasis as well as biomarkers of diabetic complication risk. Thus, strategies to raise the levels of circulating HSPCs/EPCs have attracted interest for their potential to modify the future risk of complications. We herein discuss state-of-the-art of the effects exerted by diabetes pharmacotherapy on such cell populations. Further, we highlight which outstanding questions remain to be addressed for a more comprehensive understanding of this topic.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3363246
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