As forage may affect the environmental sustainability of a given dairy chain, this study evaluated the discriminant capacity of fatty acids (FAs) and NMR metabolomic profiles of milk from three dairy chains, where forage components of cows diets were: maize silage (MS), grass-legume and maize silage (GMS), grass and lucerne hay (HAY). Canonical discriminant analysis (CDA) based on FAs and NMR metabolites highlighted a reliable discriminative performance for HAY samples that were correctly recognised, especially on the basis of C18:3n-3 and C17:0. The GMS samples were positively correlated with choline, C14:0 and C17:1 cis-9, while the MS ones were represented mainly by C16:1 cis-9. An overlap between MS and GMS samples was observed, even if a low-level fused CDA modelling improved their correct assignment. The footprint of maize silage on the milk metabolomic profile seemed not to be affected if partially replaced by a mix of legume and grass silages.

Use of GC–MS and 1H NMR low-level data fusion as an advanced and comprehensive metabolomic approach to discriminate milk from dairy chains based on different types of forage

Lanza I.;Segato S.;Contiero B.;Magrin L.;Cozzi G.
2021

Abstract

As forage may affect the environmental sustainability of a given dairy chain, this study evaluated the discriminant capacity of fatty acids (FAs) and NMR metabolomic profiles of milk from three dairy chains, where forage components of cows diets were: maize silage (MS), grass-legume and maize silage (GMS), grass and lucerne hay (HAY). Canonical discriminant analysis (CDA) based on FAs and NMR metabolites highlighted a reliable discriminative performance for HAY samples that were correctly recognised, especially on the basis of C18:3n-3 and C17:0. The GMS samples were positively correlated with choline, C14:0 and C17:1 cis-9, while the MS ones were represented mainly by C16:1 cis-9. An overlap between MS and GMS samples was observed, even if a low-level fused CDA modelling improved their correct assignment. The footprint of maize silage on the milk metabolomic profile seemed not to be affected if partially replaced by a mix of legume and grass silages.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3399701
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