Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), the leading form of inherited intellectual disability and autism, is characterized by specific musculoskeletal conditions. We hypothesized that gait analysis in FXS could be relevant for the evaluation of motor control of gait, and help the understanding of a possible correlation between functional and intellectual abilities. Typical deficits in executive control and hyperactivity have hampered the use of standard gait analysis. The aim of our study was to quantitatively assess musculoskeletal alterations in FXS children in standard ambulatory conditions, in a friendly environment. Ten FXS children and sixteen controls, with typical neurodevelopment, were evaluated through four synchronized video cameras and surface electromyography; lower limb joints rotations, spatiotemporal parameters, duration of muscle contraction, activation timing and envelope peaks were determined. Reliability and repeatability of the video based kinematics analysis was assessed with respect to stereophotogrammetry. The Kruskal–Wallis Test (p < 0.05) or SPM1D were used to compare different groups of subjects. Results show a consistently altered gait pattern associated with abnormal muscle activity in FXS subjects: reduced knee and excessive hip and ankle flexion, and altered duration and activity onset on all the recorded muscles (Rectus/Biceps Femoris, Tibialis Anterior, Gastrocnemius Lateralis). Results of this study could help with planning personalized rehabilitations.

Feasibility and reliability assessment of video-based motion analysis and surface electromyography in children with fragile x during gait

Sawacha Z.;Spolaor F.;Piatkowska W. J.;Cibin F.;Guiotto A.;Polli R.;Murgia A.
2021

Abstract

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), the leading form of inherited intellectual disability and autism, is characterized by specific musculoskeletal conditions. We hypothesized that gait analysis in FXS could be relevant for the evaluation of motor control of gait, and help the understanding of a possible correlation between functional and intellectual abilities. Typical deficits in executive control and hyperactivity have hampered the use of standard gait analysis. The aim of our study was to quantitatively assess musculoskeletal alterations in FXS children in standard ambulatory conditions, in a friendly environment. Ten FXS children and sixteen controls, with typical neurodevelopment, were evaluated through four synchronized video cameras and surface electromyography; lower limb joints rotations, spatiotemporal parameters, duration of muscle contraction, activation timing and envelope peaks were determined. Reliability and repeatability of the video based kinematics analysis was assessed with respect to stereophotogrammetry. The Kruskal–Wallis Test (p < 0.05) or SPM1D were used to compare different groups of subjects. Results show a consistently altered gait pattern associated with abnormal muscle activity in FXS subjects: reduced knee and excessive hip and ankle flexion, and altered duration and activity onset on all the recorded muscles (Rectus/Biceps Femoris, Tibialis Anterior, Gastrocnemius Lateralis). Results of this study could help with planning personalized rehabilitations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3406848
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