The use of probiotic microorganisms in food with the aim to confer health benefits to the host is one of the most critical roles of functional foods. Many pediococci bacteria frequently related to the meat environment, have technological properties, and are therefore commercially used as starter in the production of fermented meat products, such as different types of sausages. In this study, different lactic acid bacteria were isolated, identified to the species level, and then evaluated for their safety and functionality as possible probiotics. Different properties, such as resistance to simulated human gastrointestinal conditions, antimicrobial activity, and cholesterol-lowering effects, have been studied. Finally, the complete genome of one strain, namely P. acidilactici IRZ12B, which showed interesting features as a promising probiotic candidate, was sequenced and further studied. The results revealed that IRZ12B possesses interesting probiotic properties, particularly cholesterol-lowering capability and antimicrobial activity. In silico analysis evidenced the absence of plasmids, transmissible antibiotic resistance genes, and virulence factors. We also detected a bacteriocin encoding gene and a cholesterol assimilation-related protein. The phenotypical and genomic outcomes described in this study make P. acidilactici IRZ12B a very interesting cholesterol-lowering potential probiotic strain to be considered for the development of novel non-dairy-based functional foods.

Genomic and Phenotypic Evaluation of Potential Probiotic Pediococcus Strains with Hypocholesterolemic Effect Isolated from Traditional Fermented Food

Pakroo S.;Tarrah A.
;
Corich V.;Giacomini A.
2021

Abstract

The use of probiotic microorganisms in food with the aim to confer health benefits to the host is one of the most critical roles of functional foods. Many pediococci bacteria frequently related to the meat environment, have technological properties, and are therefore commercially used as starter in the production of fermented meat products, such as different types of sausages. In this study, different lactic acid bacteria were isolated, identified to the species level, and then evaluated for their safety and functionality as possible probiotics. Different properties, such as resistance to simulated human gastrointestinal conditions, antimicrobial activity, and cholesterol-lowering effects, have been studied. Finally, the complete genome of one strain, namely P. acidilactici IRZ12B, which showed interesting features as a promising probiotic candidate, was sequenced and further studied. The results revealed that IRZ12B possesses interesting probiotic properties, particularly cholesterol-lowering capability and antimicrobial activity. In silico analysis evidenced the absence of plasmids, transmissible antibiotic resistance genes, and virulence factors. We also detected a bacteriocin encoding gene and a cholesterol assimilation-related protein. The phenotypical and genomic outcomes described in this study make P. acidilactici IRZ12B a very interesting cholesterol-lowering potential probiotic strain to be considered for the development of novel non-dairy-based functional foods.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3416248
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