Insufficient supply of cardiac grafts represents a severe obstacle in heart transplantation. Donation after circulatory death (DCD), in addition to conventional donation after brain death, is one promising option to overcome the organ shortage. However, DCD organs undergo an inevitably longer period of unprotected warm ischemia between circulatory arrest and graft procurement. In this scenario, we aim to improve heart preservation after a warm ischemic period of 20 min by testing different settings of myocardial protective strategies. Pig hearts were collected from a slaughterhouse and assigned to one of the five experimental groups: baseline (BL), cold cardioplegia (CC), cold cardioplegia + adenosine (CC-ADN), normothermic cardioplegia (NtC + CC) or normothermic cardioplegia + cold cardioplegia + adenosine (NtC-ADN + CC). After treatment, tissue biopsies were taken to assess mitochondrial morphology, antioxidant enzyme activity, lipid peroxidation and cytokine and chemokine expressions. NtC + CC treatment significantly prevented mitochondria swelling and mitochondrial cristae loss. Moreover, the antioxidant enzyme activity was lower in this group, as was lipid peroxidation, and the pro-inflammatory chemokine GM-CSF was diminished. Finally, we demonstrated that normothermic cardioplegia preserved mitochondria morphology, thus preventing oxidative stress and the subsequent inflammatory response. Therefore, normothermic cardioplegia is a better approach to preserve the heart after a warm ischemia period, with respect to cold cardioplegia, before transplantation.

Temperature-Related Effects of Myocardial Protection Strategies in Swine Hearts after Prolonged Warm Ischemia

Tolomeo A. M.;Fabozzo A.;Malvicini R.;De Lazzari G.;Bisaccia P.;Arcidiacono D.;Notarangelo D.;Caicci F.;Zanella F.;Marchesan M.;Santovito G.;Muraca M.;Gerosa G.
2022

Abstract

Insufficient supply of cardiac grafts represents a severe obstacle in heart transplantation. Donation after circulatory death (DCD), in addition to conventional donation after brain death, is one promising option to overcome the organ shortage. However, DCD organs undergo an inevitably longer period of unprotected warm ischemia between circulatory arrest and graft procurement. In this scenario, we aim to improve heart preservation after a warm ischemic period of 20 min by testing different settings of myocardial protective strategies. Pig hearts were collected from a slaughterhouse and assigned to one of the five experimental groups: baseline (BL), cold cardioplegia (CC), cold cardioplegia + adenosine (CC-ADN), normothermic cardioplegia (NtC + CC) or normothermic cardioplegia + cold cardioplegia + adenosine (NtC-ADN + CC). After treatment, tissue biopsies were taken to assess mitochondrial morphology, antioxidant enzyme activity, lipid peroxidation and cytokine and chemokine expressions. NtC + CC treatment significantly prevented mitochondria swelling and mitochondrial cristae loss. Moreover, the antioxidant enzyme activity was lower in this group, as was lipid peroxidation, and the pro-inflammatory chemokine GM-CSF was diminished. Finally, we demonstrated that normothermic cardioplegia preserved mitochondria morphology, thus preventing oxidative stress and the subsequent inflammatory response. Therefore, normothermic cardioplegia is a better approach to preserve the heart after a warm ischemia period, with respect to cold cardioplegia, before transplantation.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3419337
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