Background: Desmoplakin (DSP) genetic variants have been reported in arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy with particular regard to predominant left ventricular (LV) involvement. Objective: The purpose of this study was to improve our understanding of clinical phenotype and outcome of DSP variant carriers. Methods: The clinical picture and outcome of 73 patients (36% probands) harboring a pathogenic/likely pathogenic DSP variant were evaluated. Results: The phenotype during follow-up (mean 11 years; range 1–39 years) changed in 25 patients (35%), arrhythmogenic LV cardiomyopathy (ALVC) forms being the most frequent (n = 26 [36%]), followed by biventricular (BIV; n = 20 [27%]) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC; n = 16 [22%]) forms. Major ventricular arrhythmias were detected in 21 patients (29%), and they were more common in ARVC (n = 6, 56%) and BIV forms (n = 8, 40%) than in ALVC forms (n = 4, 15%). In patients with ALVC, major ventricular arrhythmias occurred in the setting of a normal/mildly reduced systolic function. Heart failure (HF) occurred in 6 patients (8%); none affected with ALVC. Females showed more commonly LV involvement, while ARVC forms were more frequently detected in males (21 [61%] vs 15 [38%]; P = .147). Males showed a higher incidence of major ventricular arrhythmias (18 [52%] vs 9 [24%]; P = .036), HF (11 [31%] vs 1 [3%]; P = .004), and cardiac death (11 [31%] vs 0 [0%]; P < .001). Conclusion: The clinical phenotype in pathogenic/likely pathogenic DSP variant carriers is wide. Although most patients show LV involvement, 16 (22%) has right ventricular abnormalities in keeping with a “classical” arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy form. In ALVC, HF and major ventricular arrhythmias seem less common than in right ventricular and BIV variants. Females show more frequently LV involvement and a better outcome.

Clinical profile and long-term follow-up of a cohort of patients with desmoplakin cardiomyopathy

Bariani R.;Cason M.;Rigato I.;Cipriani A.;Celeghin R.;De Gaspari M.;Bueno Marinas M.;Mattesi G.;Pergola V.;Rizzo S.;Zorzi A.;Rampazzo A.;Thiene G.;Iliceto S.;Perazzolo Marra M.;Corrado D.;Basso C.;Pilichou K.;Bauce B.
2022

Abstract

Background: Desmoplakin (DSP) genetic variants have been reported in arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy with particular regard to predominant left ventricular (LV) involvement. Objective: The purpose of this study was to improve our understanding of clinical phenotype and outcome of DSP variant carriers. Methods: The clinical picture and outcome of 73 patients (36% probands) harboring a pathogenic/likely pathogenic DSP variant were evaluated. Results: The phenotype during follow-up (mean 11 years; range 1–39 years) changed in 25 patients (35%), arrhythmogenic LV cardiomyopathy (ALVC) forms being the most frequent (n = 26 [36%]), followed by biventricular (BIV; n = 20 [27%]) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC; n = 16 [22%]) forms. Major ventricular arrhythmias were detected in 21 patients (29%), and they were more common in ARVC (n = 6, 56%) and BIV forms (n = 8, 40%) than in ALVC forms (n = 4, 15%). In patients with ALVC, major ventricular arrhythmias occurred in the setting of a normal/mildly reduced systolic function. Heart failure (HF) occurred in 6 patients (8%); none affected with ALVC. Females showed more commonly LV involvement, while ARVC forms were more frequently detected in males (21 [61%] vs 15 [38%]; P = .147). Males showed a higher incidence of major ventricular arrhythmias (18 [52%] vs 9 [24%]; P = .036), HF (11 [31%] vs 1 [3%]; P = .004), and cardiac death (11 [31%] vs 0 [0%]; P < .001). Conclusion: The clinical phenotype in pathogenic/likely pathogenic DSP variant carriers is wide. Although most patients show LV involvement, 16 (22%) has right ventricular abnormalities in keeping with a “classical” arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy form. In ALVC, HF and major ventricular arrhythmias seem less common than in right ventricular and BIV variants. Females show more frequently LV involvement and a better outcome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3450219
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