The aim of this study was to investigate the conse- quences of reducing the dietary crude protein content, with or without a supply of protected conjugated lin- oleic acid (CLA), on the milk fatty acid (FA) yield and recovery in 90 d ripened cheese. Twenty mid-lactation Friesian dairy cows were reared for 4 periods of 3 wk each in groups of 5, following a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Cows were fed 4 different rations, consisting of a combination of the 2 dietary crude protein levels [150 (CP15) or 123 (CP12) g of crude protein/kg of dry matter], with or without a conjugated linoleic acid supply (80 g/d, providing 5.57 and 5.40 g/d of C18:2 cis-9,trans-11 and C18:2 trans-10,cis-12, respectively). Milk yield was recorded. Twice in each period, milk samples were analyzed for protein, fat, and lactose con- tent, and 10 L milk samples (pooled by group) were processed to produce 96 cheeses, which were ripened for 90 d. Milk and cheese fat were analyzed for their FA profiles. Milk and cheese FA were expressed as daily yields and relative proportions, and nutrient recoveries were computed. Dietary crude protein reduction had small or no effects on the yield and relative presence of FA in milk and cheese, except for a small increase in mid-chain branched saturated fatty acids. The CLA supply strongly reduced the yield of various categories of FA, and had major effects on short-chain FA of de novo synthesis, leading to changes in the relative pro- portions of the various FA in milk and cheese. The ad- dition of CLA tended to reduce uniformly the recovery of all milk constituents and of short-, medium-, and long-chain FA groups, but we observed large differences among individual FA with apparent recoveries ranging between 640 and 1,710 g/kg. The highest recoveries were found for polyunsaturated long-chain FA, the lowest for saturated or monounsaturated short- or medium-chain FA. A notable rearrangement of these FA components, particularly the minor ones, took place during ripening.

The influence of dietary nitrogen reduction and conjugated linoleic acid supply to dairy cows on fatty acids in milk and their transfer to ripened cheese

Schiavon, S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cesaro, G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cecchinato, A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cipolat-Gotet, C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Tagliapietra, F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Bittante, G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2016

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the conse- quences of reducing the dietary crude protein content, with or without a supply of protected conjugated lin- oleic acid (CLA), on the milk fatty acid (FA) yield and recovery in 90 d ripened cheese. Twenty mid-lactation Friesian dairy cows were reared for 4 periods of 3 wk each in groups of 5, following a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Cows were fed 4 different rations, consisting of a combination of the 2 dietary crude protein levels [150 (CP15) or 123 (CP12) g of crude protein/kg of dry matter], with or without a conjugated linoleic acid supply (80 g/d, providing 5.57 and 5.40 g/d of C18:2 cis-9,trans-11 and C18:2 trans-10,cis-12, respectively). Milk yield was recorded. Twice in each period, milk samples were analyzed for protein, fat, and lactose con- tent, and 10 L milk samples (pooled by group) were processed to produce 96 cheeses, which were ripened for 90 d. Milk and cheese fat were analyzed for their FA profiles. Milk and cheese FA were expressed as daily yields and relative proportions, and nutrient recoveries were computed. Dietary crude protein reduction had small or no effects on the yield and relative presence of FA in milk and cheese, except for a small increase in mid-chain branched saturated fatty acids. The CLA supply strongly reduced the yield of various categories of FA, and had major effects on short-chain FA of de novo synthesis, leading to changes in the relative pro- portions of the various FA in milk and cheese. The ad- dition of CLA tended to reduce uniformly the recovery of all milk constituents and of short-, medium-, and long-chain FA groups, but we observed large differences among individual FA with apparent recoveries ranging between 640 and 1,710 g/kg. The highest recoveries were found for polyunsaturated long-chain FA, the lowest for saturated or monounsaturated short- or medium-chain FA. A notable rearrangement of these FA components, particularly the minor ones, took place during ripening.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3250201
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