Motivation: Recently, several computational modeling approaches, such as agent-based models, have been applied to study the interaction dynamics between immune and tumor cells in human cancer. However, each tumor is characterized by a specific and unique tumor microenvironment, emphasizing the need for specialized and personalized studies of each cancer scenario. Results: We present MAST, a hybrid Multi-Agent Spatio-Temporal model which can be informed using a data-driven approach to simulate unique tumor subtypes and tumor-immune dynamics starting from high-throughput sequencing data. It captures essential components of the tumor microenvironment by coupling a discrete agent-based model with a continuous partial differential equations-based model.The application to real data of human colorectal cancer tissue investigating the spatio-temporal evolution and emergent properties of four simulated human colorectal cancer subtypes, along with their agreement with current biological knowledge of tumors and clinical outcome endpoints in a patient cohort, endorse the validity of our approach. Availability and implementation: MAST, implemented in Python language, is freely available with an open-source license through GitLab (https://gitlab.com/sysbiobig/mast), and a Docker image is provided to ease its deployment. The submitted software version and test data are available in Zenodo at https://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7267745. Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics Advances online.

MAST: a hybrid Multi-Agent Spatio-Temporal model of tumor microenvironment informed using a data-driven approach

Cesaro, Giulia;Milia, Mikele;Baruzzo, Giacomo;Alotto, Piergiorgio;Di Camillo, Barbara
2022

Abstract

Motivation: Recently, several computational modeling approaches, such as agent-based models, have been applied to study the interaction dynamics between immune and tumor cells in human cancer. However, each tumor is characterized by a specific and unique tumor microenvironment, emphasizing the need for specialized and personalized studies of each cancer scenario. Results: We present MAST, a hybrid Multi-Agent Spatio-Temporal model which can be informed using a data-driven approach to simulate unique tumor subtypes and tumor-immune dynamics starting from high-throughput sequencing data. It captures essential components of the tumor microenvironment by coupling a discrete agent-based model with a continuous partial differential equations-based model.The application to real data of human colorectal cancer tissue investigating the spatio-temporal evolution and emergent properties of four simulated human colorectal cancer subtypes, along with their agreement with current biological knowledge of tumors and clinical outcome endpoints in a patient cohort, endorse the validity of our approach. Availability and implementation: MAST, implemented in Python language, is freely available with an open-source license through GitLab (https://gitlab.com/sysbiobig/mast), and a Docker image is provided to ease its deployment. The submitted software version and test data are available in Zenodo at https://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7267745. Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics Advances online.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
vbac092.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Published (publisher's version)
Licenza: Accesso libero
Dimensione 2.38 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.38 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3467146
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact