This study evaluated near-infrared (NIR) and visible-NIR (Vis-NIR) spectroscopy as a way to distinguish fresh (F) from frozen-thawed (T) swordfish cutlets (Xiphias gladius). A total of 90 F and 60 T samples were used. The T samples were stored at a high and low frozen temperature (HT: -10°C; LT: -18°C). Spectra were collected using a Vis-NIR portable spectrophotometer (380–1080 nm) and a NIR monochromator (1100–2500 nm). The percentage of correctly classified samples obtained with Vis-NIR spectroscopy was ≥96.7%, whereas that for NIR was ≥90.0%. The best classification was observed comparing F and HT samples using Vis-NIR (100% vs. 96.7%, respectively). The more descriptive principal component scores (PCS) of NIR and Vis-NIR were used with a multivariate binary logistic regression. The model with the PCS of the first two Vis-NIR principal components accounted for 81.1% of the classification. Vis-NIR could be a strategic tool to screen the cold treatment of swordfish.

Comparison of Visible and Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy to Authenticate Fresh and Frozen-thawed Swordfish (Xiphias gladius L)

FASOLATO, LUCA;BALZAN, STEFANIA;RIOVANTO, ROBERTO;BERZAGHI, PAOLO;Lorenzo Serva;BENOZZO, FRANCESCO;NOVELLI, ENRICO
2012

Abstract

This study evaluated near-infrared (NIR) and visible-NIR (Vis-NIR) spectroscopy as a way to distinguish fresh (F) from frozen-thawed (T) swordfish cutlets (Xiphias gladius). A total of 90 F and 60 T samples were used. The T samples were stored at a high and low frozen temperature (HT: -10°C; LT: -18°C). Spectra were collected using a Vis-NIR portable spectrophotometer (380–1080 nm) and a NIR monochromator (1100–2500 nm). The percentage of correctly classified samples obtained with Vis-NIR spectroscopy was ≥96.7%, whereas that for NIR was ≥90.0%. The best classification was observed comparing F and HT samples using Vis-NIR (100% vs. 96.7%, respectively). The more descriptive principal component scores (PCS) of NIR and Vis-NIR were used with a multivariate binary logistic regression. The model with the PCS of the first two Vis-NIR principal components accounted for 81.1% of the classification. Vis-NIR could be a strategic tool to screen the cold treatment of swordfish.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2486460
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