Herein, the main factors and mechanisms that limit the reliability of gallium nitride (GaN)-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are reviewed. An overview of the defects characterization techniques most relevant for wide-bandgap diodes is provided first. Then, by introducing a catalogue of traps and deep levels in GaN and computer-aided simulations, it is shown which types of defects are more detrimental for the radiative efficiency of the devices. Gradual degradation mechanisms are analyzed in terms of their specific driving force: a separate analysis of recombination-enhanced processes, driven by nonradiative recombination and/or temperature-assisted processes, such as defects or impurity diffusion, is presented. The most common lifetime estimation methods and standards adopted for solid-state luminaires are also reported on. Finally, the paper concludes by examining which are the typical degradation and failure mechanisms exhibited by LEDs submitted to electrical overstress.

Defects and Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs: Review and Perspectives

Buffolo M.;Caria A.;Piva F.;Roccato N.;Casu C.;De Santi C.;Trivellin N.;Meneghesso G.;Zanoni E.;Meneghini M.
2022

Abstract

Herein, the main factors and mechanisms that limit the reliability of gallium nitride (GaN)-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are reviewed. An overview of the defects characterization techniques most relevant for wide-bandgap diodes is provided first. Then, by introducing a catalogue of traps and deep levels in GaN and computer-aided simulations, it is shown which types of defects are more detrimental for the radiative efficiency of the devices. Gradual degradation mechanisms are analyzed in terms of their specific driving force: a separate analysis of recombination-enhanced processes, driven by nonradiative recombination and/or temperature-assisted processes, such as defects or impurity diffusion, is presented. The most common lifetime estimation methods and standards adopted for solid-state luminaires are also reported on. Finally, the paper concludes by examining which are the typical degradation and failure mechanisms exhibited by LEDs submitted to electrical overstress.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3445865
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